Legal Challenges: Defend Yourself in Court

Police: No Duty To Protect Anyone, Courts Rule Over and Over Again!

Lack of Evidence – NO TERRITORIAL/PERSONAL JURISDICTION – No Evidence Laws Apply (

Laws Apply Because of Physical Location Within a “State”? Using that logic, So Does Catholicism!

Essential Elements of the Case (Anti-arraignment) #EthicsInstead #beardedheretic #NoJurisdiction

Police “Probable Cause” IS Subject to Cross Examination- What FACTS Did You Rely On? #Jurisdiction

You DO Have A Choice: Pay Me, or Go To Jail. (Don’t Worry – I’ll Buy You Lunch) #GovernmentIsSlavery

Maritime Admiralty Law, Language Deception & The Importance of Words

16 steps/points for BEATING JUDGES in any district court. (#ethicsinstead #logic #NoMastersNoSlaves)

The Segues-Transitions (the things that are always true):

Courtroom Role-play for Noobs | Win in Traffic Court via the SOCRATIC METHOD (Ask leading Questions)

Things to consider when defending yourself in court:

Supporting Documents:

Discovery / Brady request

Prosecutors may claim pretrial discovery is not permitted by the rules; this is true in some places like New York, however, Brady material is STILL required. Don’t let them get away with not providing it. (how does one go about not ‘letting them get away with not providing it’?)

NOTE: Some “states” do not recognize a Brady request. SEE terms and definitions)

Make sure you plug in all the correct names, addresses and the docket number in the Discovery document 

Complete Certificate of Service (see below)

Request for Judicial Notice

Make sure you plug in all the correct names and docket #. 

Complete Certificate of Service (see below)

Motion in Limine

The Motion in Limine is only for when the motion is denied and they enter a plea for you and force you to trial. In that case, you file it ASAP after they give you a trial date.

In U.S. law, a motion in limine (Latin: “at the start”; literally, “on the threshold”) (Latin pronunciation: [in li’-mih-nee] is a motion to request that certain testimony (including witness testimony) be excluded. A judge, in both civil and criminal proceedings, decides the motion. It is frequently used at pre-trial hearings or during trial, and it can be used at both the state and federal levels.

The Motion in Limine is filed just before trial, and at least a week or two (or three, if there’s time) after you’ve submitted your discovery request and received whatever the prosecution sends you (if anything). Quite often the prosecution will not respond at all, or respond with a copy of the complaint (ticket), or sometimes respond with a cookie cutter response of a request for discovery from you. There is no need to respond to their request for discovery, it is often merely an attempt to confuse or confound you.

Complete Certificate of Service (see below)

Certificate of Service (CoS)

Some documents contain a ‘Certificate of Service’ (CoS) on a separate page, as the last page of the document. This certifies to the court you’ve sent to the opposing party an exact copy of what you’re filing in the court.

The CoS should reflect the method used to submit a copy to the opposition;

  • If serving in person, the CoS would say “delivered by hand to the address(es) below”.
  • If mailed, “mailed by first class postage paid mail. “

The CoS should have the address of the opposition party(s) below the method description and the signature line where you sign to ‘certify’.

If the cop is the one representing the prosecution, the cop’s name would go below, with the police stations business address.

If a prosecutor has been assigned, the prosecutors name would go below, with the prosecutors office address.

Who and how to Serve

To file a document into court, 

Make sure you enter the correct names and docket #. 

  1. Original and copy for the clerk of the court (you can mail them), and 
  2. Copy of each (motion & discovery request) to the cop, or, if there is one, the prosecutor. 

Note: Don’t mail to cop if there is a prosecutor unless your state rules say otherwise; this could be considered “tampering with the witness.

If there is a prosecutor, send filings only to the prosecutor, unless your state rules say otherwise.

The court gets an exact copy of the documents you sent to the plaintiff/opposition.


List of Terms:

prima facie: based on the first impression; accepted as correct until proved otherwise. 

qualified witness: a witness with personal first hand knowledge of the facts.

rules of evidence: See your location’s court website, there should be a link for ‘Rules’ somewhere on the site.

exculpatory evidence: Evidence that tends to exonerate or tends to prove your innocence.

Standing a cause of action has three elements: Injury, damage ($) or injury (physicality?),

Causality that can be directly traced to you as responsible, 

Redressability and can be redressed by the court

Motion: In United States law, a motion is a procedural device to ask the court to issue an order for something (e.g., dismiss the case, open the window in the court house or turn the room thermostat up).